University of Oklahoma logo

University of Oklahoma

course
Spring 2022 Advanced Programs - Advanced Programs Face to Face or Virtual - International and Area Studies

[IAS 5940] Topics - International Studies - 112

professor
Robert Andrew

Course Description

Topics in International Studies: U.S.-Russia Relations 


Russia remains the only country in the world that can destroy much of the U.S. in just a few hours with a nuclear attack.

 

Let that sink in for a moment if you were unaware of this or had never really thought about it. If nothing else, that is the ultimate reason why the U.S. and Russia need or are forced to deal with each other despite often severe complications in the relationship. 

 

But isn’t this talk of Nuclear Armageddon so “Cold War-ish”? Didn’t the Cold War end more than 30 years ago as the “Winds of Change” swept across Europe and we watched as it became, in President George H.W. Bush’s words, “whole and free”? Shouldn’t we be friends or at least not enemies now? While most Americans believe, rightfully so, that the Cold War essentially ended with the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 followed by the dissolution of the Soviet Union itself two years later, the legacy of post-World War II antagonistic perceptions and policies continue to dominate the U.S.-Russia relationship a generation later. Even before WWII came to its conclusion, the seeds for distrust and potential confrontation were firmly planted, even though agreements such as Yalta in February 1945 were designed to avoid these potentially existential challenges.

 

The relationship is indeed complicated and has seen highs, such as during WWII when we allied against common enemies; and lows, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis which nearly led to nuclear annihilation. Where are we today?  

 

This course is designed to provide an overview of U.S.-Russia relations over the past 200+ years with an in-depth look at Cold War tensions and the contentious relationship since the “re-emergence” of Russia from the post-Soviet morass in the Putin era. We will look in-depth at various attempts to “reset” the relationship from the end of the Cold War to the Trump Administration and the Biden Administration. Even if Russia no longer dominates American foreign policy as the Soviet Union did, the relationship has once again become a frequent and usually troublesome topic with Russian meddling in the 2016 and 2020 U.S. elections, allegations of improper “collusion” with Russia and the Trump Administration, high-profile cyberattacks in the early part of the Biden Administration, increased tensions (once again) in Europe and around the world, and challenges in arms control. 

 

With so many irritants in the bilateral relationship (such as NATO enlargement, missile defense, arms control treaties, Ukraine, Georgia, Iran, Syria, the Balkans, spy scandals, etc.), how can this relationship move forward? Is it possible to improve relations in the short, medium, or long term? Are there areas in which we should focus our cooperation (such as space, climate change, and humanitarian assistance) to put the relationship on a more positive and productive track? We will study these questions in this course.

Class Dates, Format, Location and Hours


DatesJanuary 21-23 and January 28-30, 2022
FormatFace to Face
Location for on-site coursesOklahoma City, OK
HoursFriday 5:30-9:30 p.m.; Saturday 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.; Sunday 1:00-5:00 p.m.
Last day to enroll or drop without penaltyDecember 23, 2021

Site Director


NameKristen Dennis
Office Address:The University of Oklahoma
755 Research Parkway, Suite 429A Oklahoma City, OK 73104
Office Hours:Monday – Friday, 0900-1700
Emailapokc@ou.edu
DSN and CIV phone405-314-6773

Professor Contact Information


Course ProfessorRobert B. Andrew, Adjunct Instructor
Mailing AddressDept of International & Area Studies, The University of Oklahoma, 729 Elm Ave, Norman, OK 73019
Phone(405)-476-3241 (personal cell)
E-mail Addressrobert.b.andrew-1@ou.edu
Professor AvailabilityThe professor will be available via e-mail to students before and after the class sessions. Office hours are by appointment only via Zoom, starting 30 days before class starts and 21 days after "in-person" Zoom instruction. All students should check their OU e-mail/Canvas regularly, 30 days before the course begins, for communications from the instructor about the course and for Zoom instructions.

Textbook(s) and Instructional Materials

Student materials are available at the OU Bookstore Website at https://ou.textbookx.com/institutional/index.php. The website has book selling, renting, buying, returning, and order tracking capabilities. If you need help with an order, or if you have any questions contact the toll-free phone at 1-(855)-790-6637, agents are available from 9a – 5p (EST) Monday – Friday. Text prices are available online.


The following required books are available on Canvas or through the OU Libraries (for free):

 

Glenn E. Curtis, Editor, Russia A Country Study (Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1996). (This book is provided in PDF format in Canvas)

 

Frank Costigliola, Roosevelt’s Lost Alliances: How Personal Politics Helped Start the Cold War (Princeton University Press, 2012). (This book is provided in PDF format in Canvas.)

 

Louis Sell, From Washington to Moscow: U.S.-Soviet Relations and the collapse of the USSR (Duke University Press, 2016). (This book is provided in PDF format in Canvas).

 

Materials posted on the OU Canvas learning management system: Access Canvas at https://canvas.ou.edu, enter your OU NetID and password, and select course to access material. If you require assistance with Canvas, please click on the Help icon. You can search the Canvas guides, chat with Canvas support, or contact OU IT. 


The professor may assign further reading during class sessions. There will be additional materials on Canvas. 

For the Soul of Mankind The United States, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War
For the Soul of Mankind The United States, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War
by Melvyn P. Leffler
Published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux
ISBN: 9780374531423
Required
The Limits of Partnership - U. S Russiam Relations in the Twenty-First Century
The Limits of Partnership - U. S Russiam Relations in the Twenty-First Century
by Stent, Angela
Published by Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691165868
Required
From Cold War to Hot Peace : An American Ambassador in Putin's Russia
From Cold War to Hot Peace : An American Ambassador in Putin's Russia
by McFaul, Michael
Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
ISBN: 9781328624383
Required

Course Objectives

·        Attain general proficiency/overview of Russian/Soviet history.

·        Basic understanding of U.S.-Russia Relations from its earliest beginnings to the present era.

·        Understand why it has been so difficult to develop a productive and more predictable post-Cold War U.S.-Russian partnership.

·        Understand why American and Russian priorities are so often misaligned.

·        Be able to describe what areas of this relationship have worked best and which areas have been the most problematic.

Course Outline

Pre-course assignments, beginning no later than December 23, 2021 (information also will be available on Canvas by that date):


·        Read Chapters 1-2, pages 1-119 of Russia, A Country Study, book is free and available on Canvas by beginning of course (and in preparation of pre-course quiz!)

·        Review the three pre-course lecture presentations in Canvas that correspond to the above reading.

·        Take pre-course quiz that will be available from January 14-21 on Canvas.

·        Read entire book of For the Soul of Mankind by Melvyn P. Leffler by beginning of course.

·        Read entire book of The Limits of Partnership by Angela Stent by beginning of course.

·        Scan/familiarize yourself with entire book From Cold War to Hot Peace by Michael McFaul by beginning of course.


Schedule of In-class Assignments and Discussions


I. Introduction/ U.S.-Russia Relations from the 19th Century through World War II


First Class Session, Modules 1-4, Friday, January 21, in person from 5:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. (4 hours)


·        To prepare for the first session: Please read: a) https://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/pubs/fs/85739.htm (US Relations with Russia: Establishment of Relations to World War Two). b) https://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/pubs/fs/46345.htm (The United States, the Soviet Union, and the End of World War II); c) https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/us-soviet (U.S.-Soviet Alliance, 1941-45); d) Genesis of U.S.-Soviet Relations in World War II (See PDF in Canvas); e) The Spirit of Torgau (see in Canvas).


  • Module 1: Introduction.
  • Module 2: U.S.-Russia Relations from establishment in early 1800s until 1941.
  • Module 3: U.S.-Russia/Soviet Relations during World War II.
  • Module 4: Discuss Course Writing Assignment due post-course on Sunday, February 13.


II. U.S.-Russia (Soviet) Relations during the Cold War: 1945-1992


Second Class Session, Modules 5-11, Saturday, January 22 in person 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (7 hours):


·        To prepare for the second session: Please read: a) https://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/pubs/fs/85895.htm (United States Relations with Russia: The Cold War)-read from 1945-1989; b) From The Soul of Mankind: The United States, The Soviet Union, and The Cold War: read the Introduction and Chapters 1-5 and the Conclusion, pages 3-467 ; c) Chapter 10 of Roosevelt’s Lost Alliances, pages 359-417; d) The Long Telegram by George Kennan: https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/116178.pdfCanvas); e) From Washington to Moscow, Chapter 19 from PDF in Canvas.


  • Module 5: U.S.-Russia (Soviet) Relations during the Cold War 1945-1960.
  • Module 6: U.S.-Russia (Soviet) Relations during the Cold War 1960s.
  • Module 7: U.S.-Russia (Soviet) Relations during the Cold War 1970s & 1980s
  • Module 8: U.S.-Russia (Soviet) Relations during the Cold War: End of Cold War late 1980s & early 1990s.
  • Module 9: Watch movie “The Coldest Game” on Netflix
  • Module 10: Watch video “Last Days of the USSR” on Amazon Prime
  • Module 11: Quiz #1 Review/Q&A Session


III. U.S.-Russia (Soviet) Relations: First Quiz; Instructor’s personal experiences


Third Class Session, Modules 12-13, Sunday, January 23 in-person from 1 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. (4 hours):


·        To prepare for the third session: Please finish all readings up to this point.


  • Module 12: Quiz #1 (2 hours)
  • Module 13:  Instructor’s personal experiences at U.S. Embassy Moscow in Russia from 2005-2007, includes slide show of personal photos from tour.


IV. U.S.-Russia Relations during the first three resets after the Cold War (1992-2002ish)


Fourth Class Session, Modules 14-16, Friday, January 28 in-person from 5:30-9:30 (4 hours):


·        To prepare for the fourth session: please a) https://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/pubs/fs/85962.htm (United States Relations with Russia: After the Cold War); b) From The Limits of Partnership, Introduction and Prologue, pages vii to 12 and Chapters 1-7, pages 13 to 176; c) From the From the Cold War to Hot Peace, Prologue and Chapters 1-4, pages vii to 75; d) From The Back Channel by William Burns, Chapter 6, pages 200-242 (this chapter will be on a PDF file in Canvas).


  • Module 14: End of Cold War and the first “Reset” with George H.W. Bush.
  • Module 15: The Second “Reset” starring the Bill & Boris Show-1990s.
  • Module 16: The Third “Reset”: 9/11 and Putin cooperation on War on Terror-2000s.


V. U.S.-Russia Relations during the fourth reset; Ukraine and Russia; Trump-Putin; Biden-Putin; Nuclear Diplomacy and Arms Control; Quiz #2 Review


Fifth Class Session, Modules 17-22, Saturday, January 29 in-person from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (7 hours):


·        To prepare for the fifth session: please read a) From The Limits of Partnership, Chapters 9-12, pages 211-306; b) From the From the Cold War to Hot Peace, Chapters 5-24, pages 76-428 and Epilogue, pages 429-460; c) https://www.afsa.org/reflections-russia-ukraine-and-us-post-soviet-world?_zs=Nfkkd1&_zl=2XvX6 ; d) https://www.afsa.org/world-through-moscows-eyes-classic-russian-perspective?_zs=Nfkkd1&_zl=3XvX6 ; e) The Shoals of Ukraine article from Foreign Affairs magazine Jan/Feb 2020-in Canvas as PDF

·        Also, to prepare for the “Nuclear Diplomacy and Arms Control” portion of classes this day, please read: a) http://www.afsa.org/us-russian-nuclear-arms-control-negotiations-short-history b) http://www.afsa.org/why-nuclear-arms-control-matters-today c) http://www.afsa.org/restoring-nuclear-diplomacy.


  • Module 17: The Fourth Reset: Overload (peregruzka) or Reset (perezagruzka) 2010s
  • Module 18: Special Session on Ukraine/Russia/U.S.
  • Module 19: Trump/Putin/Biden
  • Module 20: Special Presentation on Nuclear Diplomacy/Arms Control
  • Module 21: Special session on 2016/2020 Election Meddling and Cyberattacks in 2020-2021
  • Module 22: Quiz #2 Review


VI. U.S.-Russia Relations Course Wrap-Up/Quiz #2


Sixth Class Session, Modules 23-24, Sunday, January 30 in-person from 1-5 p.m. (4 hours).


·        To prepare for the sixth session: finish all course readings to prepare for Quiz #2.


  • Module 23: Quiz #2 (2 hours)
  • Module 24: Course Wrap-Up/Review Post-Course Assignment/OU Evaluate


Post-course assignment:

1.      Course Written Assignment/Paper due to Canvas on February 12 by 11: 59 p.m. Central/Oklahoma time



Assignments, Grading and Due Dates

There are three graded components to the course:


1.      Class preparation/participation;


2.      Three Quizzes: One Pre-Course Quiz, Two Quizzes in class, all done in Canvas (see box below for dates);


3.      A Post-Course written assignment submitted to Canvas due by Sunday, February 13 before midnight Central/Oklahoma time. This Course Written Assignment will be an analytical essay of approximately 2500 words (approximately 8-10 double-spaced pages, not including the cover page and citations), using Microsoft Times New Roman 12 with one-inch margins due as a Post-Course assignment. There will be a choice of topics to write on that the instructor will go over in greater detail during the course. Grading criteria for this Course Written Assignment: Writing Quality such as format, organization, grammar, spelling, mechanics of writing (20%), Content/Facts such as accuracy and use of facts to support arguments (20%), Analytic Quality such as depth of understanding and breadth of thought (40%), and Sources such as quality/sufficiency of academic sources (20%). Worth 30% of your overall grade.


Critical thinking and following instructions:

One of the most important lessons that you can learn from this course is to think about the issues that are being presented. Critical thinking and questioning of how things work in the diplomatic world are crucial to success, not only in this course, but in the real world of practical diplomacy. In addition, it is very important that you follow class instructions! Failure to follow instructions could result in lower grades.

Grading

This is a letter-graded course: A, B, C, D, or F. 

AssignmentDue DatePercent of Grade
Class participation/preparationDuring class sessions25%
Three quizzes: Pre-course Quiz, Quiz #1 in class and Quiz #2Fri Jan 21; Sun Jan 23; Sun Jan 3045% (10%, 15, & 20%)
Course Written Assignment due Post-CourseSat., February 1230% 

Incomplete Grade Policy

Notice: Failure to meet assignment due dates could result in a grade of I (Incomplete) and may adversely impact Tuition Assistance and/or Financial Aid.

POLICIES AND NOTICES

Attendance/Grade Policy

Attendance and participation in interaction, individual assignments, group exercises, simulations, role playing, etc. are valuable aspects of any course because much of the learning comes from discussions in class with other students. It is expected that you attend all classes and be on time except for excused emergencies.

Excused absences are given for professor mandated activities or legally required activities such as emergencies or military assignments. It is the policy of the University to excuse absences of students that result from religious observances and to provide without penalty for the rescheduling of examinations and additional required class work that may fall on religious holidays. Unavoidable personal emergencies, including (but not limited to) serious illness; delays in getting to class because of accidents, etc.; deaths and funerals, and hazardous road conditions will be excused.

If you are obtaining financial assistance (TA, STAP, FA, VA, Scholarship, etc.) to pay all or part of your tuition cost, you must follow your funding agency/institution’s policy regarding “I” (Incomplete) grades unless the timeline is longer than what the University policy allows then you must adhere to the University policy. Students who receive Financial Aid must resolve/complete any “I” (Incomplete) grades by the end of the term or he/she may be placed on “financial aid probation.” If the “I” grade is not resolved/completed by the end of the following term, the student’s Financial Aid may be suspended make the student ineligible for further Financial Aid.

Students are responsible for meeting the guidelines of Tuition Assistance and Veterans Assistance. See the education counselor at your local education center for a complete description of your TA or VA requirements.

OU faculty will submit grades online through ONE not later than 30 days after the course end date. Course end dates are approximately one calendar month after the final seminar date on this syllabus and are provided on the official scheduling website for reference.

Academic Integrity and Student Conduct 

Academic integrity means honesty and responsibility in scholarship. Academic assignments exist to help students learn; grades exist to show how fully this goal is attained. Therefore all work and all grades should result from the student's own understanding and effort.

Academic misconduct is any act which improperly affects the evaluation of a student’s academic performance or achievement. Misconduct occurs when the student either knows or reasonably should know that the act constitutes misconduct. Academic misconduct includes: cheating and using unauthorized materials on examinations and other assignments; improper collaboration, submitting the same assignment for different classes (self-plagiarism); fabrication, forgery, alteration of documents, lying, etc…in order to obtain an academic advantage; assisting others in academic misconduct; attempting to commit academic misconduct; destruction of property, hacking, etc…; intimidation and interference with integrity process; and plagiarism. All students should review the Student’s Guide to Academic Integrity at http://integrity.ou.edu/students_guide.html 

Students and faculty each have responsibility for maintaining an appropriate learning environment. All students should review policies regarding student conduct at http://studentconduct.ou.edu/ 

Accommodation Statement

The University of Oklahoma is committed to making its activities as accessible as possible. For accommodations on the basis of disability, please contact your local OU Site Director.

Adjustment for Pregnancy/Childbirth-Related Issues

Should you need modifications or adjustments to your course requirements because of documented pregnancy-related or childbirth-related issues, please contact the professor as soon as possible to discuss. Generally, modifications will be made where medically necessary and similar in scope to accommodations based on temporary disability. Please see http://www.ou.edu/content/eoo/faqs/pregnancy-faqs.html

Title IX Resources

For any concerns regarding gender-based discrimination, sexual harassment, sexual misconduct, stalking, or intimate partner violence, the University offers a variety of resources, including advocates on-call 24/7, counseling services, mutual no-contact orders, scheduling adjustments, and disciplinary sanctions against the perpetrator. Please contact the Sexual Misconduct Office at smo@ou.edu or (405) 325-2215 (8-5), or the Sexual Assault Response Team at (405) 615 -0013 (24/7) to report an incident. To learn more about Title IX, please visit the Institutional Equity Office’s website at http://www.ou.edu/content/eoo.html 

Course Policies

Extended Campus (also and formerly known as Advanced Programs) policy is to order books in paperback if available. Courses, dates, and professors are subject to change. Please check with your OU Site Director. Students should retain a copy of any assignments that are e/mailed to the professor for the course. Neither duplicating services nor office supplies are provided.

Any and all course materials, syllabus, lessons, lectures, etc. are the property of professor teaching the course and the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and are protected under applicable copyright.

For more information about OU Extended Campus, visit our website at: http://www.goou.ou.edu/


Statement on Respect

The classroom should provide a safe learning environment where students can express their views without fear of reprisal. That freedom of expression must be balanced by demonstrated respect for other’s viewpoints and appropriate and reasonable sensitivity, especially within the context of scholarly disagreement.  Disrespectful or uncivil dialogue (including, but not limited to, personal attacks, insults, or harassment) will not be tolerated.


Recording Devices/Phones/Computers

It is important for students to be fully present during class to fully benefit from lectures, discussions, and experiential assignments. Class sessions may not be tape-recorded. All telephones and pagers should be turned off or placed on silent mode. Computers may not be used during class. Students who require an exception to this policy should discuss exceptional circumstances with the professor.

INSTRUCTOR VITA

Robert B. Andrew, Adjunct Instructor

Education

·        2002   Master of Arts in National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School

·        1989   Bachelor of Arts in Political Science, California State University, Chico


Current Position

·        Adjunct Instructor, University of Oklahoma (since October 2019)


Practical/Professional Experience: Foreign Service Officer with U.S. Department of State 2002-2019

·        Foreign Policy Advisor for U.S. Marine Corps Forces, South in Miami, FL (2017-2019)

·        Diplomat in Residence and Adjunct Professor at the University of Oklahoma (2014-2017)

·        Political Section Chief at the U.S. Embassy in Stockholm, Sweden (2011-2014)

·        Desk Officer for Sweden at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C. (2010-2011)

·        Political Affairs/Counter-Narcotics Officer at the U.S. Embassy in San Jose, Costa Rica (2007-2010)

·        Political-Military Officer at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, Russia (2005-2007)

·        Consular Officer at the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City, Mexico (2003-2005)


Military Service: U.S. Army Field Artillery Officer 1989-2002

·        Operations Officer, Foreign Area Officer Training Program in Monterey, CA (2000-2002)

·        Foreign Area Officer in training (1998-2000)

·        Service Battery Commander, 2-82 Field Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, TX (1997-1998)

·        Task Force Fire Support Officer 2-7 Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, TX (1996-1997)

·        1st Cavalry Division Artillery Assistant Fires Officer, Fort Hood, TX (1994-1996)

·        Platoon Leader, B Battery, 5-17 Field Artillery, Fort Sill, OK (1992-1994)

·        Fire Direction Officer, Howitzer Battery, 1st Squadron, 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment (1-2 ACR), Bindlach, Germany (1991-1992)

·        Fire Support Officer, B Troop, 1-2 ACR, Bindlach, Germany and Southeast Asian countries of Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Kuwait during Operation Desert Shield/Storm (1989-1991)


Frequently Taught Extended Campus (Advanced Programs) Courses

·        IAS 3003/5940            The Practice of Diplomacy

·        IAS 3003/5940            U.S.-Russia Relations

·        IAS 3043/5803            Global Security/Global Security Practicum


Major Areas of Teaching and Research Interest

·        Practice of Diplomacy

·        American Foreign Policy

·        U.S.-Russia Relations

·        NATO-Russia Relations

·        Latin American Political-Military Issues

·        Arctic & Nordic Security Issues


Honors and Awards

·        President, Norman Chapter of the Military Officers Association of America 2020-2022

·        Vice President, Norman Rotary Club

·        2019 Rotarian of the Year, Doral, FL

·        United States Marine Corps Commendation for Meritorious Civilian Service, 2019

·        State Department Superior Honor Award for launching multi-million dollar Counter-Narcotics Program in Costa Rica, 2009

·        State Department Meritorious Honor Award for streamlining end-use checks of exported potentially dual-use equipment to Russia to prevent the diversion of U.S. military technology, 2007 

·        U.S. Army Meritorious Service Medal 2002

·        U.S. Army Commendation Medal with Combat Distinguishing Device “V” for Valor 1991

·        Liberation Medal (Kuwait) 1991

·        Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) 1991

·        Parachutist Badge, U.S. Army Airborne School, 1987